The standards for grade three emphasize learning through inquiry. Students will examine aspects of the artistic process: idea generation, problem solving, and self-assessment. Students will investigate the integral role of art and architecture within ancient cultures, and they will combine knowledge of ancient art and architecture, effective artistic processes and skills, and a variety of ideas to produce works of art.

Visual Communication and Production

  • 3.1 – The student will identify innovative solutions used by artists to solve visual problems.
  • 3.2 – The student will use various art processes and techniques to produce works of art that demonstrate craftsmanship.
  • 3.3 – The student will develop art ideas from a variety of sources, including print, non-print, and technology.
  • 3.4 – The student will identify and use
    • intermediate colors;
    • warm and cool colors;
    • positive and negative space;
    • balance—symmetry and asymmetry;
    • pattern—extend the sequential structure, using motifs; and contrast.
  • 3.5 – The student will compare, contrast, and use organic and geometric shapes in works of art.
  • 3.6 – The student will create a functional object that reflects the contributions of Greco-Roman civilizations, as found in artifacts.
  • 3.7 – The student will create the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface, using overlapping, size variation, and placement in the picture plane.
  • 3.8 – The student will identify and use foreground, middle ground, and background in two-dimensional works of art.
  • 3.9 – The student will identify and use architectural forms (e.g., cube, cylinder, sphere, pyramid, cone).
  • 3.10 – The student will produce a work of art that communicates feelings.
  • 3.11 – The student will create a work of art in clay, using the coil-building process.

Cultural Context and Art History

  • 3.12 – The student will identify and discuss common characteristics in various art careers (e.g., painter, sculptor, illustrator, visual art teacher).
  • 3.13 – The student will discuss how history, culture, and the visual arts influence each other.
  • 3.14 – The student will identify distinguishing characteristics of landscape, seascape, and cityscape.
  • 3.15 – The student will compare and contrast architectural styles of ancient cultures, including Greece and Rome.
  • 3.16 – The student will identify and examine objects of the early West African empire of Mali.
  • 3.17 – The student will identify how works of art reflect times, places, and cultures.
  • 3.18 – The student will explain the role of archaeology in learning about the art of past cultures.

Judgment and Criticism

  • 3.19 – The student will examine and discuss why works of art have been interpreted in different ways throughout history.
  • 3.20 – The student will describe the problem-solving process involved in producing personal works of art, using appropriate art vocabulary.
  • 3.21 – The student will discuss the difference between art and other types of objects, using appropriate art vocabulary.
  • 3.22 – The student will analyze works of art by subject matter, including portrait, landscape, still life, and narrative.
  • 3.23 – The student will express informed judgments about works of art.
  • 3.24 – The student will analyze works of art for the use of
    • rhythm;
    • balance—symmetry and asymmetry; and
    • spatial relationships—overlapping, size, proportion, and placement.


  • 3.25 – The student will examine the relationship between form and function in the artifacts of a culture.
  • 3.26 – The student will identify common attributes in works of art produced by artists within one culture.
  • 3.27 – The student will determine why art has value.
  • 3.28 – The student will develop and describe personal reasons for valuing works of art.